Challoner commentary

Jude 1 : 24

Now to him

St. Jude concludes his epistle with this doxology of praising God, and praying to the only God our Saviour, which may either signify God the Father, or God as equally agreeing to all the three persons, who are equally the cause of Christ's incarnation, and man's salvation, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who, being God from eternity, took upon him our human nature, that he might become our Redeemer.

Apocalypse / Revelation 1 : 1

Things which must shortly come to pass

and again it is said, ver. 3, The time is at hand-- This cannot be meant of all the things prophesied in the Apocalypse, where mention is made also of the day of judgment, and of the glory of heaven at the end of the world. That some things were to come to pass shortly, is evident, by what is said to the Seven Churches, chap. 2 and 3, Or that the persecutions foretold should begin shortly. Or that these words signified, that all time is short, and that from the coming of Christ, we are now in the last age or last hour. See 1 John 2. 18.

Apocalypse / Revelation 1 : 8

I am Alpha and Omega

These are the names of the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and signify the same as what followsThe beginning and the endthe first cause and last end of all beingswho is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty-- These words signify the true God only, and are here applied to our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who is to come again to judge the living and the dead.

Apocalypse / Revelation 2 : 26

Power over the nations

This shews, that the saints, who are with Christ our Lord in heaven, receive power from him to preside over nations and provinces, as patrons; and shall come with him at the end of the world to execute his will against those who have not kept his commandments.

Apocalypse / Revelation 3 : 14

The Amen,

that is, the true one, the Truth itself; the Word and Son of God. The beginning-- that is, the principle, the source, and the efficient cause of the whole creation.

Apocalypse / Revelation 5 : 8

The prayers of saints

Here we see that the saints in heaven offer up to Christ the prayers of the faithful upon earth.

Apocalypse / Revelation 6 : 2

White horse

He that sitteth on the white horse is Christ, going forth to subdue the world by his gospel. The other horses that follow represent the judgments and punishment that were to fall on the enemies of Christ and his church. The red horse signifies war; the black horse, famine; and the pale horse (which has Death for its rider), plagues or pestilence.

Apocalypse / Revelation 6 : 9

Under the altar

Christ, as man, is this altar, under which the souls of the martyrs live in heaven, as their bodies are here deposited under our altars.

Apocalypse / Revelation 6 : 10

Revenge our blood

They ask not this out of hatred to their enemies, but out of zeal for the glory of God, and a desire that the Lord would accelerate the general judgment, and the complete beatitude of all his elect.

Apocalypse / Revelation 9 : 1

A star fall

This may mean the fall and apostasy of great and learned men from the true faith. Or a whole nation falling into error and separating from the church, not having the sign of God in their foreheads.

Apocalypse / Revelation 9 : 1

The key of the bottomless pit

That is, to the angel, not to the fallen star. To this angel was given the power, which is here signified by a key, of opening hell.

Apocalypse / Revelation 9 : 3

There came out locusts

These may be devils in Antichrist's time, having the appearance of locusts, but large and monstrous, as here described. Or they may be real locusts, but of an extraordinary size and monstrous shape, such as were never before seen on earth, sent to torment those who have not the sign (or seal) of God on their foreheads. Some commentators by these locusts understand heretics, and especially those heretics, that sprung from Jews, and with them denied the divinity of Jesus Christ; as Theodotus, Praxeas, Noetus, Paul of Samosata, Sabellius, Arius, etc. These were great enemies of the Christian religion; they tormented and infected the souls of men, stinging them like scorpions, with the poison of their heresies. Others have explained these locusts, and other animals, mentioned in different places throughout this sacred and mystical book, in a most absurd, fanciful, and ridiculous manner; they make Abaddon the Pope, and the locusts to be friars mendicant, etc. Here it is thought proper, not to enter into any controversy upon that subject, as the inventors of these fancies have been already answered, and fully refuted by many controvertistsbesides, those who might be inposed on by such chimerical writers, are in these days much better informed.

Apocalypse / Revelation 10 : 7

Declared

literally evangelized, to signify the good tidings, agreeable to the Gospel, of the final victory of Christ, and of that eternal life, which should be the reward of the temporal sufferings of the martyrs and faithful servants of God.

Apocalypse / Revelation 11 : 3

My two witnesses

It is commonly understood of Henoch and Elias.

Apocalypse / Revelation 12 : 1

A woman

The church of God. It may also, by allusion, be applied to our blessed Lady. The church is clothed with the sun, that is, with Christshe hath the moon, that is, the changeable things of the world, under her feetand the twelve stars with which she is crowned, are the twelve apostlesshe is in labour and pain, whilst she brings forth her children, and Christ in them, in the midst of afflictions and persecutions.

Apocalypse / Revelation 13 : 1

A beast

This first beast with seven heads and ten horns, is probably the whole company of infidels, enemies and persecutors of the people of God, from the beginning to the end of the world. The seven heads are seven kings, that is, seven principal kingdoms or empires, which have exercised, or shall exercise, tyrannical power over the people of God; of these, five were then fallen, viz.the Egyptian, Assyrian, Chaldean, Persian, and Grecian monarchiesone was present, viz., the empire of Romeand the seventh and chiefest was to come, viz., the great Antichrist and his empire. The ten horns may be understood of ten lesser persecutors.

Apocalypse / Revelation 13 : 3

One of his heads

Some understand this of the mortal wound, which the idolatry of the Roman empire (signified by the sixth head) received from Constantine; which was, as it were, healed again by Julian the Apostate.

Apocalypse / Revelation 13 : 6

His tabernacle

That is, his church and his saints.

Apocalypse / Revelation 13 : 8

Slain from the beginning

In the foreknowledge of God; and inasmuch as all mercy and grace, from the beginning, was given in view of his death and passion.

Apocalypse / Revelation 13 : 11

Another beast

This second beast with two horns, may be understood of the heathenish priests and magicians; the principal promoters both of idolatry and persecution.