Challoner commentary

Genesis 49 : 9

A lion's whelp

This blessing of Juda foretelleth the strength of his tribe, the fertility of his inheritance; and principally that the sceptre and legislative power should not be utterly taken away from his race till about the time of the coming of Christas in effect it never waswhich is a demonstration against the modern Jews, that the Messiah is long since come; for the sceptre has long since been utterly taken away from Juda.

Genesis 49 : 16

Dan shall judge

This was verified in Samson, who was of the tribe of Dan, and began to deliver Israel. Judges 13. 5. But as this deliverance was but temporal and very imperfect, the holy patriarch (ver. 18) aspires after another kind of deliverer, sayingI will look for thy salvation, O Lord.

Genesis 49 : 19

Gad being girded

It seems to allude to the tribe of Gad; when after they had received for their lot the land of Galaad, they marched in arms before the rest of the Israelites, to the conquest of the land of Chanaanfrom whence they afterwards returned loaded with spoils. See Jos. 4. and 12.

Genesis 49 : 22

Run to and fro

To behold his beauty; whilst his envious brethren turned their darts against him, etc.

Genesis 49 : 24

His bow rested upon the strong

That is, upon God, who was his strengthwho also loosed his bands, and brought him out of prison to be the pastor, that is, the feeder and ruler of Egypt, and the stone, that is, the rock and support of Israel.

Genesis 49 : 26

The blessings of thy father

That is, thy father's blessings are made more prevalent and effectual in thy regard, by the additional strength they receive from his inheriting the blessings of his progenitors Abraham and Isaac.

Genesis 49 : 26

The desire of the everlasting hills

These blessings all looked forward towards Christ, called the desire of the everlasting hills, as being longed for, as it were, by the whole creation. Mystically, the patriarchs and prophets are called the everlasting hills, by reason of the eminence of their wisdom and holiness.

Genesis 49 : 26

The Nazarite

This word signifies one separated; and agrees to Joseph, as being separated from, and more eminent than, his brethren. As the ancient Nazarites were so called from their being set aside for God, and vowed to him.

Genesis 49 : 29

To be gathered to my people

That is, I am going to die, and so to follow my ancestors that are gone before me, and to join their company in another world.

Exodus 1 : 11

Of tabernacles

Or, of storehouses.

Exodus 1 : 21

Because the midwives feared God

The midwives were rewarded, not for their lie, which was a venial sin; but for their fear of God, and their humanitybut this reward was only temporal, in building them houses, that is, in establishing and enriching their families.

Exodus 2 : 10


Or Moyses, in the Egyptian tongue, signifies one taken or saved out of the water.

Exodus 2 : 12

He slew the Egyptian

This he did by a particular inspiration of God; as a prelude to his delivering the people from their oppression and bondage. He thought, says St. Stephen, Acts 7. 25, that his brethren understood that God by his hand would save them. But such particular and extraordinary examples are not to be imitated.

Exodus 2 : 15


A city and country of Arabia, which took its name from Madian the son of Abraham, by Cetura, and was peopled by his posterity.

Exodus 2 : 18


He had two names, being also called Jethro, as appears from the first verse of the following chapter.

Exodus 2 : 22


Or Gershom. This name signifies a stranger thereas Eliezer signifies the help of God.

Exodus 2 : 25

Knew them

That is, he had respect to them, he cast a merciful eye upon them.

Exodus 3 : 2

The Lord appeared

That is, an angel representing God, and speaking in his name.

Exodus 3 : 14

I am who am

That is, I am being itself, eternal, self-existent, independent, infinite; without beginning, end, or change; and the source of all other beings.

Exodus 3 : 22

Shall spoil

That is, you shall strip, and take away the goods of the Egyptians. This was not authorizing theft or injustice; but was a just disposal made by Him, who is the great lord and master of all things, in order to pay the children of Israel some part of what was due to them from the Egyptians for their labours.